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April 2021

Report

Electric Company Smart Meter Deployments: Foundation for a Smart Grid (2021 Update)

Prepared by: Adam CooperMike Shuster

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARYSmart meters continue to be a key technology for the electric power industry and are the foundation for a customer-facing energy grid. Smart meters enable more rapid two-way communications between electric companies and their customers; provide new and expanded services for customers; and enhance energy grid resiliency and operations.¹

Deployment of smart meters began more than a decade ago, and, today, electric companies continue to work with technology companies to utilize the data and capabilities that smart meters provide to benefit customers.² In fact, throughout 2020, many electric companies used smart meter data to deliver personalized energy management insights and tips to assist customers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

In this report, we discuss some of the innovations, benefits, and capabilities enabled by smart meters; summarize the status and projected number of smart meters installed nationwide; and provide our perspective on the growing importance of investing in the distribution system.

As shown in Figure 1, smart meter installations have grown dramatically since 2011. As of year-end 2019, electric companies had installed 99 million smart meters. Based on survey results and approved plans, we estimate that 107 million smart meters were deployed by year-end 2020, covering 75 percent of U.S. households, and that 115 million smart meter deployments are expected by year-end 2021.

1. Smart meters, or advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), are digital meters that measure and record electricity usage data hourly, or more frequently, and allow for two-way communication between electric companies and their customers.

2. For the purposes of this report, the electric power industry includes investor-owned electric companies, public power utilities, electric cooperatives, and federal utilities. We use the term ‘electric companies’ in this report to encompass all of these industry segments.

Figure 1: U.S. Smart Meter Installations Reach 107 Million in 2020 and Are Projected to Reach 115 Million in 2021

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Figure 2. Smart Meter Deployments by State, 2019 (% of Customers)

HIGHLIGHTSElectric companies across the United States are leveraging smart meter data to monitor the health of the energy grid, restore electric service more quickly when outages occur, integrate distributed energy resources (DERs), and deliver energy services and solutions to customers. Figure 2 shows smart meter deployments by state through 2019.

¡ As of year-end 2019, electric companies had installed 99 million smart meters.

¡ By the end of 2020, an estimated 107 million smart meters were deployed, covering 75 percent of U.S. households. We estimate that 115 million smart meters will be deployed by year-end 2021 (see Figure 1).

¡ In the United States, 58 investor-owned electric companies have fully deployed smart meters.³

¡ Electric companies are using smart meter data to provide customer solutions; to enhance grid resiliency and operations; and to support electric company planning, rate design, and DER integration.

¡ Smart meters provide a digital link between electric companies and their customers by open-ing the door to new and expanded services, such as smart home energy management, load control, budget billing, usage alerts, outage notifications, and time-varying pricing.

¡ Smart meters enable two-way information flows to improve visibility into the energy grid.

¡ Electric companies are making significant investments to enhance the energy grid. In 2020, electric companies were projected to invest more than $41.8 billion in the distribution system alone, out of a projected $139.8 billion in total investments.4

3. Table 2 provides an in-depth list of smart meter deployments by electric company. Table 3 provides smart meter counts by state. Table 4 provides a listing of the companies that have fully deployed meters.

4. EEI Industry Capital Expenditures with Functional Detail (December 2020). https://www.eei.org/issuesandpolicy/Finance%20and%20Tax/EEI_Industry_Capex_Functional_2020.pdf

0—15%

15—50%

50—100%

Percent ofcustomers

SMART METERS INSTALLED

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Electric Company Smart Meter Deployments: Foundation for a Smart Grid

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INTRODUCTION

Smart meters are the foundation for a smart grid. Electric companies had installed 99 million smart meters as of year-end 2019. Based on approved plans, completed and ongoing deployments, and proposals before state regulatory commissions, we estimate that 107 million smart meters were deployed by the end of 2020, covering 75 percent of U.S. households, and that 115 million smart meters will be deployed by the end of 2021.

Figure 3. U.S. Smart Meter Installations Reach 107 Million in 2020 and Are Projected to Reach 115 Million in 2021

This report highlights how electric companies are using smart meter data, underlying communica-tions systems, and technology to:

— respond to and support customers during the COVID-19 pandemic; — effectively engage customers in programs to shift and shape their energy use to meet

clean energy goals; and — enhance energy grid resiliency and operations during severe weather events.

This report also includes examples of how technology companies are partnering with electric companies to use smart meter data to provide value to customers.

The Appendix includes the following smart meter deployment information:

— Table 1. Summary of smart meter installations and projected deployments. — Table 2. Smart meter deployments by electric company. — Table 3. Smart meter counts by state. — Table 4. The 58 investor-owned electric companies with fully deployed smart meters.

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SUPPORTING CUSTOMERS DURING COVID-19 & BEYONDAs the impacts of COVID-19 persist, residential customers are spending more time at home and are using more electricity to work and to learn from home. Throughout this pandemic, electric companies have supported their customers by offering innovative customer assistance and bill relief programs and flexible customer payment plans; providing proactive communications to engage customers in energy management; and helping to accelerate the delivery of energy assis-tance funds.

This section provides examples and describes how smart meter data and analytics are helping electric companies communicate and engage with their customers; deliver detailed insights that give customers greater control over their energy usage; provide personalized services; and help customers manage their carbon footprint.

HOME ENERGY USAGE INSIGHTS AND PROACTIVE BILL MANAGEMENTThe level of services and benefits that electric companies offer their customers has increased since these companies began deploying smart meters more than a decade ago. Smart meters provide data that households can use to manage energy, save money, set budgets, receive out-age alerts and updates, and reduce their carbon footprints. This is particularly valuable as more customers are seeking to control their energy bills.

ELECTRIC COMPANY EXAMPLES

DTE Energy

¡ DTE’s Insight App, powered by smart meter data, has proven to be a critical tool to meet rap-idly changing customer needs during the pandemic. The average number of app downloads increased 51 percent in March and April 2020. By applying analytics to smart meter data, DTE Energy's Insight App delivers device-level energy usage data to customers with 99.8 percent accuracy and helps customers make informed home energy management decisions. On aver-age, Insight generates 5 percent energy savings when a customer engages 25 times or more per calendar year. Since March 2020, five key features of the DTE Insight App have been driving the increase in customer energy engagement.⁵

• Keeping tabs on the Energy Budget: More households are creating energy budgets – with budget tracking increasing by 78 percent.

• Extending Energy Management to the Smart Home: More customers are connecting smart devices, like thermostats, smart plugs, and light bulbs. Connection rates increased by 45 percent since March 2020.

• Engaging with an Energy Advisor: Via the Energy Advisor, customers can seek personal-ized advice to uncover and eliminate energy waste. Since March 2020, visits to the Advisor increased 34 percent.

5. https://www.utilitydive.com/spons/proactive-empowered-key-trends-in-home-energy-management/582089/

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• Finding Room for Improvement: Customers are tracking how their actions are driving energy efficiency. Engagement in Energy Scores rose 30 percent since March 2020.

• Keeping Track of Energy Usage: More customers are tracking their whole-home energy usage and watching for energy spikes. Engagement in Energy Visualizations increased 20 percent since March 2020.

Florida Power & Light

¡ Florida Power & Light’s (FPL’s) smart meter-enabled energy dashboard helps residential customers understand how and why their electricity usage changes over time and provides personalized solutions to help customers control their energy consumption. The dashboard, accessible via FPL’s website or app, utilizes interval data from the customer’s smart meter to compare usage over time, project next month’s bill, and FPL's Home Energy Survey identifies energy consumption by major household appliances. By using load curve analytics, the survey can pinpoint opportunities for energy efficiency improvements. In addition, FPL’s Care Center Representatives are using the dashboard with customers who call in with bill concerns.

TECHNOLOGY COMPANY EXAMPLES

Oracle Utilities

¡ Using Oracle Utilities’ Opower product suite, electric companies with smart meters can help their customers control their energy use by offering high usage alerts, weekly energy updates, and on-demand energy bill insights embedded into web, mobile, and agent desktop tools. In March 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic started, Opower generated 400 percent more high usage alerts than usual, and customers digitally engaged with those alerts at rates 3 times the industry average.

¡ With smart meter data and artificial intelligence (AI) technology, electric companies are detect-ing—for each customer—the right pricing plan, the right time to charge an electric vehicle (EV), unusually costly appliances, and the customer’s best opportunities to take action and save money. By layering meter, program participation, income, housing, and unemployment data, these electric companies are now automatically identifying their most financially vulnerable customers and proactively are reaching out to them with billing insights and assistance.

Uplight

¡ In 2020, 48 percent of energy customers reported that they were monitoring their energy con-sumption less due to COVID-19, according to market research by Uplight. Uplight has been working with electric companies to get customers more engaged by using smart meter data to provide high usage alerts during the middle of the billing cycle. These alerts help custom-ers understand and potentially adjust their energy usage before their bill arrives. By giving customers benchmarks on comparative historical usage, electric companies arm customers with personalized tips to bring their energy usage in line with “normal” and avoid bill surprises.

¡ Uplight has found that mid-cycle usage and next bill notifications see a 55 percent average

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open rate—nearly 3 times the industry standard. The engaging and informative nature of usage alerts has spurred electric companies to adopt them as a tool to help customers. Usage alerts engage customers and are the antidote for distracted customers.

Pricing and Bill Payment OptionsSmart meters enable electric companies to offer a range of bill payment and pricing options to cus-tomers, including pre-payment, pay-as-you-go, and time-varying rates. Pricing options enabled by smart meter data can incent load shifting to off-peak hours or when clean energy is available on the grid and encourage reduced energy consumption.

ELECTRIC COMPANY EXAMPLES

Baltimore Gas and Electric

¡ As part of Baltimore Gas and Electric’s (BGE’s) smart meter rollout, all residential customers automatically were enrolled in Smart Energy Rewards, a dynamic pricing program that enables them to earn bill credits for reducing their usage during an “Energy Savings Day.” Custom-ers receive a notice the day before the event, and, if they voluntarily reduce their usage, they receive a bill credit of $1.25 per kilowatt-hour saved. Using behavioral science and smart meter data, BGE includes a home comparison savings feature in post-event communications to moti-vate customers to save more next time and to congratulate them for engaging. Smart Energy Rewards is one of the largest dynamic pricing programs in the United States, and BGE continu-ally is testing new tactics to keep the program relevant and engaging for customers. Over the past three years, customer satisfaction has remained in the mid-80 percent range, and more than 1.2 million customers have engaged since its launch in 2013.

Georgia Power

¡ In 2020, Georgia Power launched “Pay by Day,” a billing and payment plan that offers custom-ers an option to manage their energy use and payments using a fixed daily price for electricity based on their projected consumption over an entire year. Georgia Power is a pioneer in offer-ing prepaid service plans—more than 80,000 customers are enrolled in standard PrePay, with most making weekly payments and receiving text or email notifications about their usage and funds balance. Pay by Day combines the convenience of PrePay with the certainty of a fixed daily price, no matter the amount of energy used, giving customers certainty in their energy costs. In addition, the Pay by Day plan helps customers with outstanding balances regain con-trol by applying 25 percent of every payment to the remaining balance.⁶

6. Georgia Power uses smart meter data to design and offer innovative rate solutions that fit customer needs and that help customers manage their budgets. As of December 2020, Georgia Power’s residential customers can choose from seven different rate plans.

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Electric Company Smart Meter Deployments: Foundation for a Smart Grid

TECHNOLOGY COMPANY EXAMPLE

Powerley

¡ Through Powerley’s electric company-branded home energy management (HEM) solution, real-time data accessed from smart meters is being transformed into new energy experiences that empower customers with greater control over their energy consumption. The consumption foot-print data also is fueling intelligent insights that equip electric companies and their customers with the power of awareness, prediction, and control.

¡ The demand for Powerley’s electric company-branded HEM solutions increased by 57 percent during the COVID-19 pandemic, as more people began working from home. These apps can help eliminate customer bill surprises through predictive insights—by allowing the customer to see not only what usage is today, but what it is going to be tomorrow. Engagement with Power-ley Advisor, the personalized in-app energy assistant, increased 34 percent since March 2020, delivering prescriptive guidance to customers to curtail rising energy costs.

¡ These same predictive insights also can alert the electric company when a customer is strug-gling to stay within an energy budget or is experiencing unexpected surges in energy usage. The electric company then can suggest payment solutions proactively before the customer bill becomes a collection issue. By augmenting existing customer support programs with the added insight gained from HEM solutions, proactive payment assistance can be extended to the right customer when it matters most.

ENGAGING CUSTOMERS IN PATHWAYS TO A CLEAN ENERGY FUTUREAs of year-end 2020, preliminary data show that carbon emissions from the U.S. power sector were 40 percent below 2005 levels, the lowest level in more than 40 years. The transition to a clean energy future is underway, and smart meters are among the technologies electric companies are using to engage customers with energy management and demand response programs that encourage them to shift their electricity usage away from peak demand times. As the number of connected home/building devices like smart thermostats continues to grow, customers have more opportunities to save energy and money while reducing carbon emissions.

ELECTRIC COMPANY EXAMPLES

Consumers Energy

¡ In May 2020, Consumers Energy was able to quickly provide 100,000 households with smart thermostats at no cost to help Michigan residents power through the COVID-19 pandemic by saving energy and money while protecting the environment. Coupled with Consumers Energy’s Peak Power Savers program and smart meter data, households can shift usage, creating the potential to reduce demand collectively by 14 megawatts or more during summer. Smart meter data is used to determine bill credits based on actual reductions during demand response events and to generate a feedback loop with customers. Analytics driven by smart meter data were very effective in targeting customers to engage in this initiative. Engagement rates were

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as high as 90 percent, with approximately 15,000 smart thermostats deployed per week until the 100,000-household cap was reached. This rapid engagement by customers in a demand response program was unprecedented.

Southern California Edison

¡ In 2019, Southern California Edison, the University of California, and California State Univer-sity entered a first-of-its-kind, performance-based, greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction pilot using 15-minute smart meter data to provide detailed time and location data for energy consumption with a goal of reducing emissions. This innovative, collaborative approach (formally known as the Clean Energy Optimization Pilot) is unique in that success is based on GHG emissions avoided, rather than reduced energy use. The universities are rewarded for focusing on actions that reduce GHG emissions, including energy efficiency, using on-site renewable energy resources, clean transportation, and energy storage. The actions the universities adopt to reduce GHG emissions can earn incentives based on actual metered results. This pilot is funded through SCE’s GHG cap-and-trade allowance revenue.⁷

"The best, near-term opportunities to achieve deep carbon reductions quickly and cost-effectively are on the demand side, and those opportunities require smart meters. Electric company smart meters support price signals for shifting demand to times when the energy supply on the grid is cleanest, to make it obvious to customers which inefficient appliances need to be upgraded, and to identify and recruit high-value, coincident-peaking customers into smart device and demand flexibility programs. Finally, interval usage data from smart meters, paired with marginal emissions data, will enable accurate measurement of the actual emissions impacts of demand-side programs so that such programs can be appropriately rewarded for the carbon emissions reductions value they deliver." —Oracle Utilities

Other ServicesElectric companies are supporting a range of other customer services using smart meter data, including:

¡ Offering online access to view and download energy use information from company websites and mobile apps.

¡ Providing fewer estimated bills for a better customer experience.

¡ Providing remote connect and disconnect services to customers who are moving.

¡ Using smart meter data to resolve billing questions.

¡ Enabling rate plan comparisons to ensure a customer is on the most economic plan.

As electric companies increasingly engage with customers via online platforms, apps, and other channels, even more customer services and solutions will be enabled by smart meter data.

7. Additional information on SCE’s Clean Energy Optimization Pilot can be found here: https://energized.edison.com/stories/fighting-climate-change-through-higher-education#.YHYHqsIiHnk.link

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TECHNOLOGY COMPANY EXAMPLE

IBM

¡ According to IBM, early adopters of smart meters are actively planning for the next generation of meter and network assets and analytics. Internet of Things (IoT) sensors, big data manage-ment, and embedded AI will help to maintain the safety, resilience, and security of energy grids as decentralized generation, EVs, storage, and expanded customer participation options con-tinue to grow.

¡ Smart meters, powered by 5G and edge computing, will enable an open smart metering eco-system that promotes broad participation and new offerings for customers. Streaming analyt-ics will digest and process millions of messages in real-time to better predict asset failures and identify faults, enable self-healing grids, and enhance field operations and restoration efforts. These intelligent workflows will create value for operations and customer service groups and will improve communications between customers and their electricity providers.

¡ To capture the opportunities, IBM is partnering with electric companies to embrace the latest metering and digital technologies, to design intelligent workflows to increase trans-parency and operational resilience, and to embrace changes in skills and culture. Via intel-ligent workflows, the next generation of intelligent meters and technologies truly will make both energy providers and customers even smarter.

SUPPORTING CUSTOMERS DURING WEATHER EVENTSHaving a reliable supply of electricity is more than just a convenience—it is a necessity. Our econ-omy and our way of life depend on it. Customers expect continual improvements to resilience and reliability, and smart meters, coupled with other advanced technologies and continued invest-ment in people and processes, are changing the ways electric companies identify, respond to, and recover from disruptions to the energy grid. For example:

¡ Smart meter data and analytics provide situational awareness so that crews can be sent to the highest priority outage locations.

¡ On circuits that have switching devices or automation, faults are isolated, and outages can be avoided, or a large percentage of customers can be restored within minutes.

Electric company investments in the distribution system were estimated to be more than $41.8 bil-lion in 2020.⁸ Through targeted investments, electric companies are developing a digital distribu-tion system that can serve as a platform to enhance energy grid resilience and reliability, integrate a growing number of DERs, and provide more customer solutions.

This section outlines how electric companies use smart meter data, analytics, technology, and communication networks to notify customers about outages and estimated restoration times pro-actively, to mitigate wildfires, and to predict and enhance energy grid reliability and operations.

8. EEI Industry Capital Expenditures with Functional Detail (December 2020). https://www.eei.org/issuesandpolicy/Finance%20and%20Tax/EEI_Industry_Capex_Functional_2020.pdf

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Proactive Outage CommunicationsBy investing in smarter energy infrastructure, physical grid hardening, digital grid technologies, and data analytics to enhance grid resiliency and to improve visibility into outages, electric com-panies can restore power faster when outages do occur, resulting in millions of avoided outage minutes. Smart meters help to notify customers if their power is out, provide an estimated time to restore service, and deliver a final notice when the power is back on.

ELECTRIC COMPANY EXAMPLE

Orange & Rockland Utilities ¡ In August 2020, Tropical Storm Isaias strengthened well beyond forecasted levels hours

before landfall, requiring Orange & Rockland Utilities (O&R) to ramp up communications to customers quickly. Ahead of the storm, O&R sent text messages to 200,000 custom-ers who were enrolled in the proactive notification program. O&R used its smart meter network to avoid 3,000 truck rolls and restored 97 percent of customers within 100 hours, about 2,000 customers per hour. Battery backup of the network allowed smart meters to com-municate power on/off status with the O&R control center, which helped O&R’s restoration strategy.

TECHNOLOGY COMPANY EXAMPLE

Itron

¡ Itron’s smart metering technology is broadly deployed and serves as the foundation for elec-tric companies to push critical intelligence to the point of service, providing an elastic and effi-cient infrastructure to improve energy grid reliability, reduce outages, engage customers, and enable new applications. Recent advancements in embedded distributed intelligence—which is the ability to move analysis, decision-making, and action closer to the point of origin of dis-tribution grid events—allow electric companies to manage rapidly changing grid conditions,

Smart meters help keep customers informed

OUTAGEALERT

OUTAGE MAP

about outages and restoration times.

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9. https://www.pge.com/pge_global/common/pdfs/safety/emergency-preparedness/natural-disaster/wildfires/PGE_2020_CWSP_Update.pdf

10. https://www.pge.com/pge_global/common/pdfs/safety/emergency-preparedness/natural-disaster/wildfires/Wildfire-Safety-Plan.pdf

Electric Company Smart Meter Deployments: Foundation for a Smart Grid

monitor voltage, detect outages and high impedance, support active transformer load man-agement, disaggregate customer load, and more.

Wildfire Mitigation Plan In 2020, Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) updated its wildfire mitigation plan to focus on executing smaller, shorter, and smarter Public Safety Power Shutoff (PSPS) events.⁹

ELECTRIC COMPANY EXAMPLE

Pacific Gas & Electric

¡ PG&E has enabled single-phase smart meters to send real-time alarms to the Distribution Management System under partial voltage conditions (25-75 percent of nominal voltage). This enhanced situational awareness can help detect and locate downed distribution lines more quickly to enable faster response. Faster response not only may reduce the amount of time the line is down, but also may allow first responders to extinguish wire down-related ignitions more quickly if they occur.¹⁰

¡ This application of smart meters, in addition to other upgrades in weather station technology and high-definition cameras, have increased weather modeling granularity by more than 50 percent. In combination with more than 600 sectionalizing devices and transmission switches, the first PSPS event in 2020 impacted 170,000 customers, compared to impacting approxi-mately 1 million customers during a 2019 PSPS event. In addition to impacting fewer custom-ers, PG&E is aiming to achieve 50 percent faster service restoration times (12 hours or less from event clearances).

TECHNOLOGY COMPANY EXAMPLE

Sensus

¡ According to technology company Sensus, by incorporating intelligence at the edge, smart meters are continually monitoring the grid—acting as an extension of the electric company’s workforce. With its latest meter, the Stratus IQ™, the company reimagined the traditional measurement hardware and introduced software-defined metrology. This technology shift addresses the rapidly changing nature of the power system. Through simple code changes, electric companies now can dynamically add new measurement capabilities to the smart meter. With this advanced software architecture, electric companies can incorporate four quadrant metering, as well as solutions like open-neutral detection across their existing meter popula-tion. This allows them to track the flow of electricity more accurately and to provide a safer environment for their customers. With a traditional metrology chip, this would not be feasible.

¡ High-resolution snapshots of voltage and current signals also were implemented to provide insight into momentary outages, allowing the electric company to investigate and take action

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before the issue escalates. Smart meters do not exist in isolation, though. When paired with a reliable network and advanced software solutions, tools like digital twins and machine learning enable electric companies to perform rigorous network modeling and proactively to identify system anomalies, thereby reducing outage times and, subsequently, operation expenses for the electric company and its customers.

Advanced Grid Operations & AnalyticsElectric companies are supporting a range of other distribution system planning and operations capabilities using smart meter data and underlying communication networks, including:

¡ Leveraging the smart meter network to connect to, monitor, communicate with, and control devices with smart inverters (e.g., solar energy systems).

¡ Using asset monitoring and diagnostics to inform proactive maintenance and to identify over-loaded and underloaded transformers.

¡ Using mapping and model validation, such as meter to transformer mapping.

CONCLUSIONAs the role of the distribution grid continues to grow and to evolve, smart meters remain the funda-mental building block. By the end of 2020, an estimated 107 million smart meters were deployed across the country; 115 million smart meter deployments are expected by year-end 2021.

Increasingly, electric company distribution resource plans identify and prioritize grid moderniza-tion investments—both software and hardware—that must be made to improve visibility into the distribution system, enhance resiliency, manage outages, integrate growing numbers of DERs, and provide a platform for advanced customer solutions.

As electric companies continue to manage, operate, and invest in an increasingly digital energy grid, a critical next step is to continue to utilize the data generated from smart meters as a stra-tegic asset to improve grid operations, use customer resources more efficiently, and offer new services to customers.

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Table 1. Summary of Smart Meter Installations and Projected Deployments

Note: Totals are rounded to nearest thousand. ‘p’ indicates projected for 2020 and 2021.

Table 2. Smart Meter Installations and Projected Deployments by Investor-Owned Electric Company

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

AES Indiana IN 185,000 273,000 366,000 AES Indiana has installed 273,000 smart meters and is strategically deploying smart meters where needed. AES Indiana has a pending application for full deployment of smart meters in 2023.

AES Ohio OH 2,000 2,000 28,000 AES Ohio filed a Grid Modernization Plan that is pending approval from the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO), which includes full deployment of smart meters in 2024.

ALLETE MN WI

102,000 138,000 148,000 Minnesota Power deployed 87,000 smart meters by year-end 2019 in northeast Minnesota and expects to complete full deployment by the end of 2021. Superior Water, Light & Power has fully deployed 15,000 smart meters in Wisconsin.

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Electric Company TypeTotal Installed Smart Meters

2019 2020p 2021p

Investor-Owned 73,149,000 79,029,000 84,733,000

Public Power Utilities &

Electric Cooperatives25,899,000 28,330,000 30,517,000

U.S. Total 99,048,000 107,359,000 115,250,000

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Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

Alliant Energy IA WI

957,000 974,000 974,000 Wisconsin Power and Light’s smart meter implementation was completed in December 2011, totaling 477,000 meters. In Fall 2017, Interstate Power and Light began deploying smart meters in Iowa, and the work was substantially completed as of year-end 2019.

Ameren Corporation

IL

MO

1,342,000 1,498,000 1,748,000 In 2019, Ameren substantially completed deployment of smart meters throughout its Illinois territory. The pending 2019 Ameren Missouri rate case includes a plan to fully deploy smart meters by 2025.

American Electric Power

IN MI OH OK TX VA WV

3,138,000 3,366,000 4,073,000 AEP’s Indiana Michigan Power subsidiary has deployed 16,000 smart meters; AEP Ohio has deployed 1,054,000 and is pend-ing approval for Phase 3 to reach full deployment of 1,554,000 by the end of 2022; AEP Texas reached full deployment of 1,098,000 meters; AEP’s Public Service Company of Oklahoma has deployed 578,000 meters; and AEP's Appalachian Power deployed 445,000 smart meters as part of a broadband pilot pro-gram in Virginia.

Arizona Public Service

AZ 1,269,000 1,269,000 1,269,000 APS achieved full deployment of smart meters in March 2016.

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Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

Avangrid CT ME NY

876,000 912,000 952,000 Central Maine Power Company completed its smart meter deployment in 2012 and currently has 632,000 smart meters installed. United Illuminating has installed 244,000 smart meters and anticipates full deployment in 2022. Both NYSEG and Rochester Gas & Electric have received approval to begin smart meter deployment in 2022 and to fully deploy in 2025.

Avista Corporation

ID

WA

256,000 256,000 256,000 Avista has substantially completed a full rollout of smart meters in Washington and is currently evaluating smart meter deployment in Idaho.

Baltimore Gas & Electric

MD 1,309,000 1,328,000 1,328,000 BGE has fully deployed 1,309,000 smart meters, with anticipated growth through new customer enrollments.

Black Hills Corporation

CO MT SD WY

214,000 214,000 214,000 Black Hills Energy has fully installed 214,000 smart meters in its service territory across four states.

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Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

CenterPoint Energy

IN TX

2,694,000 2,694,000 2,694,000 CenterPoint Energy received approval in 2008 to install an advanced metering system across its Texas service territory. It completed deployment in July 2012 and currently has 2,542,000 smart meters installed in the greater Houston area. Vectren, recently acquired by CenterPoint, fully deployed 152,000 smart meters in its Indiana service territory in 2019.

Cleco Power LA 288,000 288,000 288,000 Cleco Power fully deployed smart meters across the company's entire service territory, after receiving approval from the Louisiana Public Service Commission in 2011.

Commonwealth Edison

IL 4,156,000 4,156,000 4,156,000 In June 2013, ComEd received regulatory approval for full deployment of smart meters, which was completed in 2018.

Consolidated Edison

NY NJ

2,614,000 3,739,000 5,039,000 ConEdison received approval to deploy 5,039,000 by 2022. As of December 2019, ConEdison had deployed 2,614,000 smart meters.

Consumers Energy

MI 1,841,000 1,841,000 1,841,000 Consumers Energy, a subsidiary of CMS Energy, achieved full deployment in 2017. Through 2020, new customer enrollments led to a total of 1,841,000 smart meters deployed.

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Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

Dominion Energy

NC SC VA

464,000 767,000 1,687,000 Dominion Virginia completed installation of 641,000 smart meters through 2020 and plans to have more than 1 million deployed by the end of 2021. Dominion South Carolina, formerly SCANA, expects 120,000 smart meters deployed by the end of 2020 and full deployment in 2023. Dominion North Carolina currently is in early-stage development and smart meter deployment.

DTE Energy MI 2,539,000 2,539,000 2,539,000 DTE Energy achieved full deploy-ment in 2016 and currently has 2,539,000 smart meters.

Duke Energy FL IN KY NC OH SC

6,207,000 7,798,000 7,870,000 Duke Energy has fully deployed 747,000 smart meters in Ohio, 149,000 in Kentucky, 869,000 in Indiana, and 798,000 in South Carolina. In other jurisdictions, through the end of 2020, Duke Energy was projecting to have deployed 1,728,000 meters in Florida and 3,507,000 in North Carolina. Full deployments continue in North Carolina and Florida into 2021. Nearly 8 million meters are projected to be installed by the end of 2021.

Duquesne Light Company

PA 600,000 600,000 600,000 Duquesne Light has deployed 600,000 smart meters.

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (20)

18

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

Entergy Corporation

AR LA MS TX

934,000 2,189,000 2,943,000 In 2020, Entergy deployed 2,189,000 smart meters of an enterprise-wide deployment of 2,943,000 smart meters expected by July 2021. Entergy has fully deployed smart meters in New Orleans and Texas; 705,000 in Louisiana; 467,000 in Arkansas; and 340,000 in Mississippi.

Evergy KS MO

1,590,000 1,594,000 1,598,000 Evergy expected 1,594,000 smart meters to be fully deployed across its service territories by the end of 2020: 630,000 in Mis-souri and 964,000 in Kansas.

FirstEnergy Corp.

NY OH PA

2,112,000 2,112,000 2,112,000 Pennsylvania Act 129 (2008) requires electric distribution companies with more than 100,000 customers to install smart meter technology. Faster than originally planned, 2,078,000 smart meters have been deployed in Pennsylvania as of yearend 2020. FirstEnergy subsidiary, Penn Power, is fully deployed with 170,000 meters. At year-end 2020, West Penn Power had 732,000 smart meters deployed; MetEd had 581,000; Penelec had 594,000.The Illuminating Company in Cleveland installed 34,000 meters as part of a pilot.

Green Mountain Power

VT 271,000 273,000 275,000 Green Mountain Power has deployed 271,000 smart meters to customers across Vermont.

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (21)

19

IEI Report: April 2021

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

Hawaiian Electric Industries

HI 28,000 50,000 50,000 Hawaiian Electric installed 5,000 smart meters during the first phase of its smart grid program. The company filed a grid mod-ernization plan with its state regulatory commission and will make targeted smart meter investments through 2020.

IDACORP ID OR

559,000 559,000 559,000 Idaho Power has fully deployed 559,000 smart meters across its service territories in Idaho and Oregon.

MGE Energy WI 10,000 10,000 10,000 MGE Energy has deployed 10,000 smart meters.

National Grid MA NY RI

30,000 30,000 30,000 National Grid's pilot was approved by the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities in August 2012; 30,000 smart meters have been installed for a pilot demonstration. A recent filing in New York and anticipated filings in Rhode Island project larger scale deployment of smart meters between 2023 and 2027.

NextEra Energy FL 5,629,000 5,536,000 5,536,000 FPL has fully deployed 5,160,000 smart meters to residential, com-mercial, and industrial customers. Gulf Power reached full deploy-ment in 2012 and has 469,000 meters.

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (22)

20

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

NorthWestern Energy

MT SD

95,000 95,000 275,000 In 2018, NorthWestern Energy began installing new electric smart meters as part of a tech-nology upgrade project that will enable two-way meter commu-nication between NorthWestern Energy and its customer meters. As of year-end 2019, NorthWest-ern Energy had installed 95,000 smart meters in South Dakota. In 2021, NorthWestern Energy plans to install 180,000 smart meters in Montana with full deployment of approximately 380,000 smart meters expected to be com-pleted in Montana in 2023.

NV Energy NV 1,328,000 1,328,000 1,328,000 NV Energy has fully deployed 1,328,000 smart meters.

OGE Energy Corporation

AR OK

887,000 887,000 887,000 OG&E has fully installed 887,000 meters: 817,000 in Oklahoma and 70,000 in Arkansas.

Oncor TX 3,677,000 3,677,000 3,677,000 Oncor has fully deployed 3,677,000 smart meters across its service territory.

PG&E Corporation

CA 5,323,000 5,323,000 5,323,000 PG&E has fully deployed 5,323,000 smart meters across its service territory.

Pacific Power CA OR

657,000 657,000 657,000 Pacific Power reached full deploy-ment of smart meters in 2019 across service territories in California (47,000) and Oregon (610,000).

PECO PA 1,685,000 1,685,000 1,685,000 PECO has fully deployed 1,685,000 smart meters.

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21

IEI Report: April 2021

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

Pepco Holdings DC DE MD

1,447,000 1,447,000 1,447,000 Pepco has reached full deploy-ment in the District of Colum-bia with 317,000 smart meters installed. In Maryland, Pepco and Delmarva Power have reached full deployment, with 585,000 and 213,000 smart meters installed, respectively. In Delaware, Delmarva Power has reached full deployment with 330,000 meters installed.

PortlandGeneral Electric

OR 889,000 889,000 889,000 PGE’s smart meter program was approved by the state regulatory commission in 2008; full deployment was completed by the fall of 2010.

PPL Corporation KY PA

1,472,000 1,472,000 1,472,000 PPL is in compliance with PA Act 129 and has fully deployed 1,450,000 smart meters in its Pennsylvania service territory. Pilot programs in Kentucky have deployed 22,000 smart meters.

Public Service Enterprise Group

NJ NY

450,000 682,000 1,297,000 In 2020, PSE&G updated its 2018 filing with the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities and is plan-ning to deploy 2.2 million smart meters between 2021 and 2025. PSE&G's NY service territory has 434,000 smart meters deployed, with full deployment anticipated by 2023.

Puget Sound Energy

WA 387,000 575,000 764,000 Puget Sound Energy plans to deploy smart meters to all electric customers by the end of 2023.

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22

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

San Diego Gas & Electric Company

CA 1,461,000 1,461,000 1,461,000 SDG&E has fully deployed 1,461,000 meters across its service territory.

Southern California Edison

CA 5,179,000 5,179,000 5,179,000 SCE has fully deployed more than 5 million smart meters and will continue to accommodate popu-lation growth.

Southern Company

AL GA MS

4,009,000 4,207,000 4,207,000 Southern Company has deployed smart meters in all its service territories. Georgia Power reached full deployment in 2012 and has 2,498,000 meters; Alabama Power reached full deployment in 2010 and has 1,453,000 meters; Mississippi Power reached full deployment in 2020 and has 198,000 meters.

Tampa Electric FL 391,000 666,000 813,000 Tampa Electric has installed 666,000 smart meters and antici-pates full deployment within its service territory by June 2021.

Texas-New Mexico Power

TX 255,000 255,000 255,000 TNMP has fully deployed 255,000 smart meters.

Tucson Electric Power

AZ 131,000 131,000 131,000 Tucson Electric Power has deployed 131,000 smart meters to customers in Arizona.

Unitil Corporation

MA NH

108,000 108,000 108,000 Unitil has fully deployed 108,000 smart meters across its service territory around Concord, NH, and Fitchburg, MA.

Versant Power ME 123,000 123,000 123,000 Versant Power, formerly Emera Maine, has fully deployed 123,000 smart meters in its ser-vice territory.

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IEI Report: December 2019

23

Electric Company

StateMeters

Installed (2019)

Projected Meters

Installed (2020)

Projected Meters

Installed (2021)

Notes

WEC Energy Group

WI 946,000 1,145,000 1,145,000 WE Energies has deployed 946,000 smart meters to customers in Wisconsin.

Xcel Energy CO MN NM TX

31,000 30,000 425,000 Full deployment of smart meters in Colorado for 1.5 million Xcel Energy customers will begin in 2021 and conclude in 2024. Xcel's Southwestern Public Service ter-ritory will begin deploying smart meters at scale in 2023; Northern States Power in 2021.

Other 2,000 2,000 2,000 Limited deployments by multiple operating companies account for roughly 2,000 smart meters deployed through 2019.

Investor-Owned U.S. Total

73,149,000 79,029,000 84,733,000

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (26)

24

StateInvestor-Owned Electric

CompanyPublic Power Utilities &

Electric CooperativesTotal

AK 0 225,000 225,000AL 1,461,000 571,000 2,032,000AR 317,000 480,000 797,000AZ 1,277,000 1,318,000 2,595,000CA 12,009,000 1,189,000 13,198,000CO 120,000 643,000 763,000CT 294,000 43,000 337,000DC 318,000 0 318,000DE 330,000 58,000 388,000FL 6,479,000 1,410,000 7,889,000

GA 2,548,000 1,893,000 4,441,000HI 28,000 32,000 60,000IA 479,000 255,000 734,000ID 541,000 102,000 643,000IL 5,371,000 254,000 5,625,000

IN 1,209,000 580,000 1,789,000KS 960,000 369,000 1,329,000KY 169,000 813,000 982,000LA 724,000 172,000 896,000

MA 45,000 129,000 174,000MD 2,108,000 221,000 2,329,000ME 755,000 131,000 886,000MI 4,380,000 404,000 4,784,000

MN 104,000 831,000 935,000MO 630,000 704,000 1,334,000MS 183,000 606,000 789,000MT <1,000 155,000 155,000NC 2,997,000 1,203,000 4,200,000ND <1,000 124,000 124,000

Table 3. Smart Meter Installations by Electric Company Type and State (2019)

IEI Report: April 2021

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (27)

25

Note: Totals are rounded to nearest thousand.

StateInvestor-Owned Electric

CompanyPublic Power Utilities &

Electric CooperativesTotal

NE 0 309,000 309,000NH 78,000 85,000 163,000NJ 456,000 24,000 480,000

NM <1,000 131,000 131,000NV 1,328,000 19,000 1,347,000NY 2,688,000 19,000 2,707,000OH 1,792,000 355,000 2,147,000OK 1,395,000 447,000 1,842,000OR 1,518,000 327,000 1,845,000PA 5,814,000 247,000 6,061,000RI <1,000 1,000 1,000

SC 810,000 667,000 1,477,000SD 165,000 152,000 317,000TN 0 2,933,000 2,933,000TX 7,756,000 3,442,000 11,198,000UT 0 134,000 134,000

VA 918,000 440,000 1,358,000

VT 271,000 36,000 307,000WA 630,000 776,000 1,406,000WI 1,433,000 368,000 1,801,000

WV 1,000 8,000 9,000WY 46,000 64,000 110,000

Total 73,149,000 25,899,000 99,048,000

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (28)

26

Table 4. Electric Companies with Full Smart Meter Deployment (2019)

Smart Meter Full Deployment by Operating Company

AEP Texas Idaho Power

Alabama Power Idaho Power (OR)

Ameren Illinois Interstate Power and Light

Arizona Public Service Met-Ed

Baltimore Gas & Electric Mississippi Power Company

Black Hills Colorado Electric NV Energy

Black Hills Power (MT) Oklahoma Gas & Electric (AR)

Black Hills Power (SD) Oklahoma Gas & Electric (OK)

Black Hills Power (WY) Oncor Electric Delivery

CenterPoint Energy (IN) Pacific Gas & Electric

CenterPoint Energy (TX) PacifiCorp (OR)

Central Maine Power PacifiCorp (CA)

Cleco Power PECO Energy

Commonwealth Edison Pennsylvania Electric

Consumers Energy Pennsylvania Power

Delmarva Power (DE) Portland General Electric

Delmarva Power (MD) Potomac Electric Power (DC)

DTE Energy Potomac Electric Power (MD)

Duke Energy (IN) PPL Electric Utilities

Duke Energy (KY) Public Service Company of Oklahoma

Duke Energy (NC) Rockland Electric Company

Duke Energy (OH) San Diego Gas & Electric

Duke Energy (SC) Southern California Edison

Duquesne Light Superior Water, Light and Power Company

Evergy (KS) Texas-New Mexico Power

Evergy (MO) Unitil (MA)

Florida Power & Light Unitil (NH)

Georgia Power West Penn Power

Green Mountain Power Wisconsin Power & Light

IEI Report: April 2021

Note: Full deployment may exclude customer with opt-out clauses or hard-to-access meters.

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (29)

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (30)

For inquiries, please contact Mike Shuster at [emailprotected]

Institute for Electric Innovation701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20004-2696202.508.5440 | Visit us at: www.edisonfoundation.net

About the Institute for Electric InnovationThe Institute for Electric Innovation focuses on advancing the adoption and application of new technologies that will strengthen and transform the energy grid. IEI’s members are the investor-owned electric companies that represent about 70 percent of the U.S. electric power industry. The member-ship is committed to an affordable, reliable, secure, and clean energy future.

IEI promotes the sharing of information, ideas, and experiences among regu-lators, policymakers, technology companies, thought leaders, and the elec-tric power industry. IEI also identifies policies that support the business case for the adoption of cost-effective technologies.

IEI is governed by a Management Committee of electric industry Chief Exec-utive Officers. In addition, IEI has a select group of technology companies on its Technology Partner Roundtable.

About the Edison FoundationThe Edison Foundation is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization dedicated to bringing the benefits of electricity to families, businesses, and industries worldwide. Furthering Thomas Alva Edison's spirit of invention, the Founda-tion works to encourage a greater understanding of the production, delivery, and use of electric power to foster economic progress; to ensure a safe and clean environment; and to improve the quality of life for all people. The Edi-son Foundation provides knowledge, insight, and leadership to achieve its goals through research, conferences, grants, and other outreach activities.

mailto:mshuster%40edisonfoundation.net?subject=IEI%20Smart%20Meter%20Report%20-%20December%202019

Report - IEI - [PDF Document] (2024)

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